Temporomandibular disorders are heterogeneous group of disorders
involving the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles and
associated structures. With a multifactorial origin, usually the patient with
mandibular temporomandibular disorder reports multiple complaints,
associated or not to comorbidities and non-repairing sleep. Anamnesis
directed to the correct diagnosis is fundamental for the elaboration of a
successful therapy. !e diagnostic process should be able to categorize the
pain as well as identify the involved tissues in addition to pointing out
the speci”c source of pain within that tissue system. !e steps to arrive
at a correct diagnosis should cover: anamnesis, clinical evaluation for
temporomandibular joint, the clinical examination through inspection of
the cranial nerves, intra-oral evaluation and musculoskeletal examination,
imaging tests, anesthetic block diagnosis, laboratory tests and evaluation
of sleep pattern. !is process begins in the clinical history, presence or
not of associated comorbidities, sleep pattern and other factors that may
somehow contribute to the patient’s clinic. !is information supports the
correct diagnosis and is essential for adequate and successful therapy.